Dating techniques used anthropology ajaxformcomponentupdatingbehavior wicket
Basing on this principle, the cultural assemblages found in different layers can be assigned a chronological personality. In practice it is found that the mounds are disturbed9 by all sorts of pits and dumps.For example, if the cultural contents of the lower deposit are Mauryan in character, appropriately this deposit may be assigned a date between 400-200 B. Similarly, if the cultural equipment of the upper deposit are of the Sunga period, this deposit has to placed between 200-73 B. Quite often, the archaeologist decided the change of stratum on the basis of the feed of the deposit.However this formula has not been accepted by many archaeologists.Further this formula has been disproved on many occasions. Pottery is probably the most abundantly available antique material in any archaeological site.In such cases subjective element cannot be ruled out.
With the aid of these dated imports it was possible to date the associated Indian objects to the first two centuries A. Similarly NBP and PGW has helped in fixing the chronology of numerous sites. Sometimes dates are also obtained with the assistance of astronomy.
The deposit thus occurring forms layers depending on the nature of the material brought in by the people inhabiting the area.
According to this method, the upper deposits are younger and the lower deposits are older.
Sir Flinders Petrie had worked out a formula for dating the finds on the basis of the thickness of the deposit.
According to him a period of hundred years may be granted for the accumulation of a deposit of one and a half feet.